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Frederick C. Robie House, NHL Database, National Historic Landmarks Program. Frederick C. Robie House Completed in 1910, the house Wright designed for Frederick C. Robie is the consummate expression of his Prairie style. Although later drawings of the Robie House show a date of 1906, Wright could not have started the design for the building earlier than the spring of 1908 because Robie had actually purchased the property only in May of that year. Of these innovators, none could rival Frank Lloyd Wright. Choose your favorite robie house designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! [22] This time an international outcry arose, and Wright himself, then almost 90 years old, returned to the Robie House on March 18, accompanied by the media, students and neighborhood organizers to protest the intended demolition of the house. The house was designed for Frederick C. Robie, a bicycle manufacturer, who did not want a home done in the typical Victorian style. Wright and the Robie House of 1908 showed them the way to the fundamental patterns of modern architectural expression. [21] The threat of demolition aroused a storm of protest. From the street corner the pointed prow of the main space looks like a ship in motion, and locals dubbed the house “Der Dampfer” (German: “The Steamship”). • This style is characterized by a dominating horizontal axis, bandedwindows, and a spacious and open interior plan. 46-57. In January 1997 the University moved their offices out and turned over tours, operations, fundraising and restoration to the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust on February 1. Some of these pieces are attributed to Wright's interior design collaborator George Mann Niedecken. Completed in 1910, the structure is the culmination of Wright’s modern design innovations that came to … As a result of financial problems incurred by the death of his father in July 1908, who was plagued by gambling debts that Robie unknowingly inherited (allegedly totaling roughly $1 million, or the equivalent of $27 million today), and the deterioration of his marriage, Robie was forced to sell the house after living in it for only fourteen months. Photograph by Flickr user Naotake Murayama Frank Lloyd Wright completed … These two rooms are separated by the central chimney mass, but the spaces are connected along their south sides, and the chimney mass has an opening above the fireplace through which the rooms are visually connected. [27] Harboe Architects,[28] a leading firm in historic preservation, conducted an assessment, prepared plans for restoration, and led the interior restoration. Street parking on the University of Chicago Campus is extremely limited, we recommend giving yourself ample time to find parking before your tour. As with all Prairie houses, Wright designed the light fixtures for the Robie House. Shop for robie house art from the world's greatest living artists. A map of campus parking lots and garages can be found here. Smith, pp. The most serious threat to the Robie House arose 16 years later. Save 30% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. As Wright wrote in 1910, "it is quite impossible to consider the building one thing and its furnishings another. Cantilever on the Robie House, Chicago, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright. [7] The design precedent for the Robie House was the Ferdinand F. Tomek House in Riverside, Illinois, designed by Wright in 1907–08. [49]. All robie house artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The chimney mass containing four fireplaces—one in the billiards room, playroom, living room and master bedroom—and the main stairway from the entrance hall to the second floor living and dining rooms rise through the center of the house, from which the rest of the building radiates. Wright designed the Robie House in his studio in Oak Park, Illinois between 1908 and 1909. In plan, the house is designed as two large rectangles that seem to slide by one another. [9] He and his wife, Lora Hieronymus Robie, a 1900 graduate of the University of Chicago, had selected the property at 5757 South Woodlawn Avenue in order to remain close to the campus and the social life of the university. Hoffman, p. 94. The house and the Robie name were immortalized in Ernst Wasmuth's famous 1910 publication Ausgefuhrte Bauten und Entwurfe von Frank Lloyd Wright (Completed Buildings and Projects of Frank Lloyd Wright, a.k.a. Wright Angles: A Dialogue (Vol. Updates? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [10] The property was a typical urban lot in Hyde Park, measuring 60 feet (18 m) by 180 feet (55 m). To the east of the site and across a municipal service alley, a French Provincial style house for Nobel prize winning physicist Albert A. Michelson was built around 1923. It went against the romantic European facades that were common during its time. 38, Issue 1), See, e.g., "The Meaning of Architecture," Pond, Irving K., Boston, 1918, p. 174 (stating that "[i]n imitation of a certain broad and horizontal disposition of lines individually employed, a school of design has sprung up, for which its authors claim the title 'American.' Chicago is especially rich in examples: the suburb of Oak Park has the highest concentration of Prairie style buildings in the nation. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe among other great 20th Century architects, claimed Wright was a major influence on their careers. The Robie House’s influence on American architecture was immediate and undeniable. Id., pp. 32-33. Most of the original furniture is currently in the collection of the Smart Museum of Art at the University of Chicago, although only the dining room table and chairs are on more or less permanent display. When his work was published in a sumptuous monograph in Berlin, Germany, in 1910, it was the design of the Robie House that caught everyone's eye. [36] One of the most striking pieces of the furniture designed by Wright for the Robie House is a sofa with extended armrests, echoing the cantilevers of the exterior roof of the building, which effectively create side tables on each side of the sofa. Smith, "How the Robie House was Saved," Frank Lloyd Wright Quarterly, pp. 12-17, vol. "[23] Two fraternities at the University of Chicago provided the Seminary with a realistic alternative to its plans of demolition. The original blueprints, a survey of the Robie House lot, a set of the original specifications, the contractor's account book, and copies of 30 photographs of the house during construction are in the collection of the Department of Special Collections of the University of Chicago, donated in 1978 by William Bernard, the son of the original contractor, Harrison B. Bernard. The architectural significance of the Robie House was probably best stated in a 1957 article in House and Home magazine: During the decades of eclecticism's triumph there were also many innovators—less heralded than the fashionable practitioners, but exerting more lasting influence. "[39] Because the house's components are so well designed and coordinated, it is considered to be a quintessential example of Wright's Prairie School architecture and the "measuring stick" against which all other Prairie School buildings are compared. COMPLETED IN 1909 • STYLE: PRARIE STYLE • CLIMATE: TEMPERATE • CONSTRUCTION SYSTEM: BRICK AND STEEL 4. ARCHITECTURE • Prairie School was a late 19th and early 20th century architectural style • Most common to the Midwestern United States. The first in our famous craftsman home series: Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House is the archetype for Prairie style architecture and the beginning of the craftsman home movement. A half bath is located on the north side of the entrance hall. From shop csdesigninc. [45] More recently, in July 2012, the Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar announced that he would formally nominate the Robie House and ten other Wright designed buildings as U.S. nominations for World Heritage status. The front door and main entrance is partially hidden on the northwest side of the building beneath an overhanging balcony in order to create a sense of privacy and protection for the family. This style is characterized by a dominating horizontal axis, banded windows, and a spacious and open interior plan. Soffit lighting running the length of the north and south sides of the living and dining rooms, as well as soffit lighting in the prows of the living and dining rooms, are covered with Wright-designed wooden grilles, backed with translucent colored glass diffusers. [44] The 10 sites have been submitted as one entire site. Designed and built between 1908-1910, the Robie House for client Frederick C. Robie and his family was one of Wright's earlier projects. Frank Lloyd Wright’s world-famous Robie House, designed for businessman Frederick C. Robie between 1908 and 1910, has been a National Historic Landmark since 1963. It was designated a National Historic Landmark on November 27, 1963,[5] and was on the first National Register of Historic Places list of October 15, 1966. In this house Wright blends the sonorous long lines of the machinelike form with a rich decorative effect that is ages old. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [11] Wright did not supervise the construction of the house except in the earliest stages. On the interior, Wright’s Prairie buildings are designed with open spacious living areas suited to the modern American lifestyle. They are all mere structural details of its character and completeness."[33]. [38] Miniature cantilevers can also be found in the shelves of the built-in dining room buffet and a food preparation island in the kitchen. Id., pp. 4-19, vol. Instead of stylized forms from Nature, a favorite Wright motif, geometric forms predominate. From a distance, this complex and expensive tuckpointing creates an impression of continuous lines of horizontal color and minimizes the appearance of individual bricks. "[42], In 1991, the American Institute of Architects named Robie House among the Top All-Time Work of American Architects. The billiards room provided access to a large walk-in safe and a storage area built underneath the front porch projection at the west end of the site. Dresser drawers are built into the walls of the bedrooms underneath the windows, and project into the eave spaces. The people themselves are part and parcel and helpful in producing the organic thing. Made from cast sandstone and available in 5 … On the first floor are the "billiards" room (west end) and children's playroom (east end). 5 out of 5 stars (34) 34 reviews $ 35.00 FREE shipping Only 2 available and it's in 2 people's carts. In 2019 UNESCO designated the residence, along with seven other Frank Lloyd Wright buildings, a World Heritage site. [35] Mr. Wright referred to the rectangle on the southwest portion of the site, which contains the principal living spaces of the house, as "the major vessel." Robie House, in full Frederick C. Robie House, residence designed for Frederick C. Robie by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in Hyde Park, a neighbourhood on the South Side of Chicago. Retrieved February 9, 2007. [25] On September 15, 1971, the Commission on Chicago Landmarks, with the support of Mayor Richard J. Daley, declared the Robie House a Chicago landmark. "The Wasmuth Portfolio"). [1] Robie House and a selection of other properties by Wright were inscribed on the World Heritage List under the title "The 20th-Century Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright" in July 2019.[6]. [34] [17], Robie's tenure in his home was short lived, however. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The chimney mass is constructed of the same brick and limestone as the exterior. By any standard his Robie house was the House of the 1900s—indeed the House of the Century. Wright's Winslow House of 1893 was already a synthesis of the practical with the beautiful in home building. [12] Niedecken's influence can be seen in the design of some of the furnishings for the house as well as the carpets in the entrance hall, the living room, and the dining room. "Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie House," Hoffman, Donald, Dover Publications, Inc., 1984. The term was coined by architectural critics and historians (not by Wright) who noticed how the buildings and their various components owed their design influence to the landscape and plant life of the midwest prairie of the United States. As a result, the exterior walls have little structural function, and thus are filled with doors and windows containing 174 art glass panels in 29 different designs. The Robie House is located at the corner of Woodlawn Avenue and 58th Street. Robie's generous budget allowed Wright to design a house with a largely steel structure, which accounts for the minimal deflection of the eaves. Two bedrooms and a full bathroom above the garage complete the quarters for the live-in servants. The only construction documents that exist are the contractor's blueprints, several measured studies for furniture and interior details, and a couple of perspective renderings. See more ideas about robie house, frank lloyd wright, frank lloyd wright robie house. The living and dining rooms flow into one another along the south side of the building and open through a series of twelve French doors containing art glass panels to an exterior balcony running the length of the south side of the building that overlooks the enclosed garden. Taylor died less than a year later, and his widow, Ellen Taylor, sold the house and most of its contents to Marshall D. Wilber, treasurer of the Wilber Mercantile Agency, in November 1912. 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